William Gould

William Gould's Pumps And Lead Pipe, September 20, 1843.jpg

From The Vermont Phoenix

Tin-Lined Lead Pipe

Governor of Vermont Levi K. Fuller rendered this tribute to William Gould in his paper, "Vermont in a Century of Invention", read to the Professional Club on Monday evening, March 20, 1893---

William Gould of Brattleboro was a man of peculiar fertility of mind in matters connected with water works and plumbing appliances. While he made several other intventions, his greatest was that for making lead pipe, and lead pipe with tin lining. This occurred between 1840 and 1850. The machine was finally sold for old iron, though parts of it are still in existence. Although both these inventions involved interests representing immense sums of money, they never came to general public notice, and it is believed that Mr. Gould's idea was seized upon and developed by two strangers who were introduced to him by a Brattleboro friend.

Brattleboro Reformer, March 24, 1893.

Levi K. Fuller.jpg

Levi K. Fuller


Before his work with melodeons and cottage organs, Jacob Estey made a fortune in the manufacture of lead pipes for the Brattleboro water supply. Jacob Estey's competitor in lead pipe was William Gould.

When it became widely known that lead from the pipes in the drinking water was not healthy, efforts were made to solve this problem. Hence the tin lining---and two men of conscience.


Death Of Wm. Gould

This event, for which the community will not be wholly unprepared, occurred last night at his home, to which he has been mostly confined during the winter from a progressive paralysis. It is probably safe to say no citizen of Brattleboro was more universally known than he, and none would be more generally missed, both by reason of his marked individuality and his useful and indispensable calling, which he pursued unremittingly for more than fifty years. He was a native of this town, having been born in Centreville Nov. 18th, 1814, and with the exception of three years, when a boy, in which he lived with an uncle at Bellows Falls, he has always been a resident of Brattleboro. At 15 years of age he hired the small house at the corner of North Main and North streets, and there made a home for his mother (previously a charge upon the town), and subsequently for his brother, and cared for both while they lived, having himself no resources save his daily labor. He was three times married. A son and daughter by his first wife are now living in Massachusetts. He married his last wife, Widow Emily Franklin, Jan. 13th, 1848. She and a son of theirs survive him in this place.

In some respects Mr. Gould was a remarkable man. He was of an inventive, mechanical turn of mind, and seemed to take up intuitively the principles of hydraulics, which he applied successfully in the practice of his calling--that of a practical plumber. To this trade, as such, he never served an apprenticeship, but became, by reason of his natural ingenuity, a skillful and thorough workman. For many years he was much employed by the Vermont and Massachusetts railroad company, also the Connecticut River and Valley railroads, in constructing their station water works, and overcoming hydraulic difficulties, for which he had a special genius. During the war he was employed to construct the works for the supply of water to the United States hospital, located here, which he did, greatly to the satisfaction of the Government authorities, by means of a water ram.

But he will nowhere be more missed than at the Asylum for the Insane at this place, where for forty-five years he has had sole charge of all the hydraulic work and plumbing in detail. Here to-day may be seen to best advantage his practical work, not only in all the thirty-one water closets and bath rooms of that establishment, but in all the aqueduct connections with reservoir and distributing tanks included in its system of works.

His service at the asylum dates from the year 1841 and has been continuous to the present year. The commencement of his work is connected with an incident he was in his later years fond of relating. The main buildings of this institution were commenced by the erection of the centre and one wing west, in 1838. A plumber from Worcester, Mass., was then employed. In 1841 the first wing east of the centre was erected. This enlargement of the building necessitated additional water supply and some shares in the village aqueduct were purchased, and a supply pipe laid in connection therewith. When connected no water could be made to flow through, although there were many feet of fall. The plumber who had done the work, after vain experiments to overcome the resistance of the air in the pipes, which held back the water, gave up and left, either to devise other means, or in disgust. Mr. Gould was then living on Chase street near by, but had not earned a reputation. Dr. Rockwell went to see him and desired him to try his hand at it. By a simple and purely original device he accomplished the desired object in a single day's experiment. Henceforth he was assured of employment at the asylum, and the doctor wrote the other party he need not return to the job, as "he had found a boy up here who could make water run down hill."

For the asylum Mr. Gould always entertained a feeling as a child for the old homestead, and it need not be said the officers and employees of that institution entertained a reciprocal feeling, which will be manifested in their attendance upon his funeral, which will take place from his late residence at half past two o'clock on Sunday next.


Vermont Phoenix, February 19, 1886.

Obituary by Dr. Joseph Draper.

William Gould's hydraulic ram during Civil War days raised water from the falling Venter's brook and William F. Richardson's pond up to the level of Camp Holbrook and to the United States General Hospital, on the later Valley Fair grounds.



Brattleboro Black History Month Town Hall Exhibiit.jpg

Black History Month Display In The Town Hall

Brattleboro Historical Society

Caveat Emptor

Not A House On The Underground Railroad

Researchers in black history in Vermont should be aware that this house on High Street has no documented connection at all with fugitive slaves, Antislavery, or the Underground Railroad. This house was probably built in late 1869, and possibly later, but in any case, years after slavery days. No map shows any house on this site until then.

The two small chambers, dry walled with field stone and connected by a tunnel---that were found under the front porch there are obviously septic pits that were built before indoor plumbing became common. Cesspits, in any case, that no escaping slave would ever consent to sink into under any circumstances.

Cylindrical T Pipe, Septic System On High Street, Brattleboro.jpg

A plumber's heavy lead "T" shaped cylindrical strainer or sieve, filled with many 1/4 inch round holes was found in the larger pit. The purpose of this T-pipe was to connect the wastewater inlet with the leach field without disturbing the surface scum or crust.

The remains of several tools necessary for the removal of sediment buildup were also at this site. The large slate slab on the chamber floor was probably an additional dividing wall. The High Street hill was the perfect place for this septic system, which worked by gravity alone.

The Vermont Record and Farmer for October 22, 1875 carries the article "The High Street Sewer", which claims that "quite a portion" of the houses there had cess-pools at this time, which were effective, and never placed near any wells or springs that provided drinking water.

The partial draining, exploration, and measuring of this one cesspit was conducted in April 1987 by a group of concerned people, and detailed in a later report. Their work is recalled briefly in an article with the inaccurate headline, "Underground Railroad Had Stations in Brattleboro", published on February 8, 1994 in the Brattleboro Reformer.

This municipal building first floor hallway display is an admittedly entertaining fantasy, but it is distracting and misleading for visiting students---and for anyone who has a genuine interest in learning the rewarding truths that are to be discovered in local or national black history. Hopefully this entire unfounded notion will be allowed to slide into obscurity.

Walter Harrington's Sketch, April 28, 1987.jpg






The discovery that Hepzibah Pyncheon is a witch, executed in an inner story within The House of the Seven Gables, and the discovery of the like-wise concealed story of the drowning of Clifford Pyncheon, came on September 3, 1983.

This was during work with Professor Margaret Higonnet of the University of Connecticut/Storrs and her stable of eight readers for Yale University Press representing Children's Literature.

Our projected article concerned the extensive allusions in the "The House of the Seven Gables" to the Sleeping Beauty legend, to Virgil's Aeneid, and to the Biblical Garden of Eden---describing how Hawthorne adapted these works to his contemporary America.

This work continued from late July to early October 1983, when the entire project was abandoned, Margaret Higonnet then claiming excessive length as the apparent reason.

This manuscript material concerning the legend of the Sleeping Beauty, Virgil's Aeneid, and the Garden of Eden in America was then published as Chapter Two in my "Forgotten Dreams: Ritual in American Popular Art (New York: Vantage Press, 1987). This work is still copyrighted.

Margaret Higonnet asked me at one point to discuss the long-standing academic and critical controversy over the strange and apparently overly-sentimental "happy ending" of The House of the Seven Gables. Nathaniel Hawthorne has traditionally been admired for the "rhinoceros hide" that he wore for protection against unnecessary sentimentality, so, this "happy ending" seemed to be extremely uncharacteristic for Hawthorne.

This single question by Higonnet and the academics focused my attention acutely, and my discovery of Hawthorne's secret narratives for Hepzibah Pyncheon and Clifford Pyncheon followed quite readily in the course of one afternoon in a pleasant apartment on Reed Street in Brattleboro, overlooking the Connecticut River, that September 3, 1983.




The Old Grist Mill, Duck Pond, Brewster Massachusetts, Laura Burnham Hainsworth.jpg

The Old Grist Mill

Brewster, Massachusetts, Cape Cod

Photograph By Laura Burnham Hainsworth Of Pittsfield, Massachusetts

John Hainsworth.jpg

John Hainsworth

Barbara St. John, Bernardston Railroad Stone Arch Bridge, May 21, 2014.jpg

Bernardston, Massachusetts Stone Arch Bridge, Wednesday, May 21, 2014.jpg

William St. John, Genealogy Chart, Sunny Acres.jpg

William St. John With Family Genealogy Chart

William St. John, Scoutmaster, Lake Tamarack.jpg

Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, William St. John, Patent Filed November 23, 1954.png

William St. John, Westinghouse Electric Patent

Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, November 23, 1954

William St. John, Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, Patent Filed November 23, 1954.png

Japanese Print, Bruce Hainsworth.jpg

Madeline Tonkin, Franklin School.jpg


Vermont Phoenix, Thursday, September 25, 1845 2.5---

Mr. John Plummer, of West Brattleboro, committed suicide early last Sunday morning, by cutting his throat with a butcher's knife, which had been made very sharp. His intention to make way with himself had been for some time suspected---he had himself, indeed, previously told his friends to keep all edge tools away from his sight, saying that his mind was sometimes strangely inclined to do himself harm. The greatest possible care was therefore observed, and his nephew had slept in the room with him, in order to have a better opportunity to watch him. Mr. Plummer had been in the habit of rising early of mornings, and smoking. On Sunday morning he arose as usual, and had been out of the room but a moment, when his nephew heard a noise, as of water plashing upon the floor. He immediately got up, and proceeding to the spot where he thought he heard the noise, found his uncle just in the act of falling, his throat being cut from ear to ear with a terrible gash.

Mr. Plummer was 68 years of age, was a man of some property, and had been highly esteemed here as one of our best and most useful citizens.

Vermont Phoenix, March 5, 1846, Page 3, Column 4---

Farm For Sale.

The well known Farm lately owned and occupied by Income Jones, deceased, is now offered for sale on the most reasonable terms. Said Farm contains about Ninety Acres of good Land, situated three miles West of Brattleboro Village, well wooded and watered, and mostly fenced with Stone Wall, with good Buildings thereon, and a large variety of engrafted fruit, consisting of Apples, Pears, Peaches, &c.


About thirty Acres of Mowing and Pasturing Land, lying about one half mile from said farm, likewise fenced with Stone Wall. The above will be sold separate or together as may best suit the purchaser. For further particulars, enquire of Benson Jones, on the premises.

Feb. 25, 1846.


Income Jones acquired a warranty deed on December 11, 1799 from Capt. Caleb Parker for a parcel of land at 50 1/2 acres, and another parcel about one and a half miles away in a southwesterly direction, the soc-called "Salisbury Lot", at 35 3/4 acres. The first parcel lay along the east side of the road leading to Guilford---Lot No. 4 in the third range of Lots, the Salisbury lot being Lot No. 4 in the second range.

Income Jones died on January 19, 1845---his wife Mary Kingsley twenty years in the grave---but he had willed these lands to his son Benson on November 23, 1836. This will describes his Home Farm as about 80 Acres, and the "Salisbury Lot", so called, at about 30 acres. Income's daughter was the married woman called Mary Salisbury.

Caleb Parker, great great grandson of Deacon Thomas Parker, was born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts in 1760 and died in Stukely, Canada in 1826. During the Revolutionary War, Caleb, and a small band of young soldiers, trained at night in the huge kitchen of the Artemus Ward home, which is called the General Artemus Ward Museum in Shrewsbury.

May 18, 1894

O. H. Carpenter's Serious Injuries.

Oliver H. Carpenter met with a serious accident at his farm house beyond the West village about noon on Wednesday. He had just driven in from the field to dinner with two horses and a heavy farm wagon. He unhitched all the tugs, as he supposed, and took one horse by the bit to lead the pair into the stall. The horse which he had by the bit was free from the wagon, but it proved that one tug of the other horse had not been unhitched. This horse, in attempting to follow, sprang forward and knocked Mr. Carpenter down, trampling on the left side of his face and cutting a bad gash down from the corner of the eye. The animal was frightened at finding itself still hitched to the wagon, and in plunging about the wagon was dragged over Mr. Carpenter in such a way that the right thigh was broken close to the hip joint. One wheel was also dragged over his right hand and wrist, and a large piece of flesh was torn up on the forearm. These were the serious injuries, but there were also numerous smaller bruises and cuts. Mr. Carpenter was got into the house and Dr. Gale was summoned. The shock to the system was great, but the condition of the patient is now as comfortable as the circumstances permit, and his recovery is expected. Mr. Carpenter is one of the best known and most highly esteemed farmers in Brattleboro, and the news of his misfortune has caused universal regret and sympathy.

[Oliver Hunt Carpenter was born in Brattleboro on June 28, 1830, and married Roxy Miranda "Mary" Nichols on March 6, 1856. He was active in the Grange, the Brattleboro Creamery, and the Valley Fair, and served as a town selectman. His parents were Deacon Oliver Carpenter and Arathusa Harris. He died on Friday evening, November 27, 1903 after falling and striking his head against a post that morning.]









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Film and Audio Recordings of G. K. Chesterton
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Alternatives to Assigned Readings
Aquinas vs. Luther: A Brief Excerpt from Chesterton
Social Reform versus Birth Control











The Vermont Phoenix, December 9, 1910, page 10, columns 3-4, has an article "Work At the Hospital", which describes the district nurse system that Helen Guild assisted in as a pupil. From March 1 to July 1, 1910, Helen apparently studied tuberculosis patients with the Brattleboro Woman's Club, and with a tuberculosis camp. This article also names the faculty by subject matter. Lots of names. Helen was in Brattleboro studying for all four years 1908 to 1912?

The two Phoenix issues for June 21, 1912, page 1 column 5 and June 28, 1912, 6.3 describe the nurse student Myrtle Desrosier taking diptheria from a patient in March 1911, causing the entire hospital to be quarantined. Myrtle survived, weakened, graduated on April 1, 1912 but died of peritonitis on June 18, 1912.

The Red Cross nurses seem to have taken all the newspaper publicity here in Brattleboro. Was Helen ever in the Red Cross as a war volunteer before the expedition to France in 1918? The most prominent Red Cross nurse here was Marion M. Rice, who wrote many letters from France and returned to live her life in Keene, New Hampshire. Did Helen know her?

Other well publicized nurses locally are Celeste Georgette Genin, Elizabeth M. Hennessy, Clara C. Johnston, and Frances M. Stellman. Just in case you run into these names in your research. Did Helen leave Brattleboro completely after she graduated?

The Vermont Phoenix, April 9, 1909, 10.1 has "Terrific Wind Storm", describing damage to Brattleboro Memorial Hospital. The Chronicling America website does not have this, so I have not seen it lately. It is probably not important. Can you find it at newspapers.com?

All for now!

Dear Thomas,
Thanks for your response. Yes, I have the article from 1912...in fact, that was what led me to you. You are spot on with the WWI question. She served in France with Base Hospital No. 72 near Mesves. I found her in some of the Journal of Nursing issues from the period. She later married and her last name became Kerbaugh. She is buried in New Hampshire, with her headstone noting her ANC service. I would be thrilled if you had anything else about her.
Best Wishes and Merry Christmas,

Shannon Kelly,

I have no other photographs showing class graduations. The detailed account for the Grange Hall ceremonies and the Brooks House parlor banquet for the Class of 1912 is in the Vermont Phoenix for October 11, 1912 on page 7, column 5 at the bottom.

If you haven't got this article, it is online at the Chronicling America website, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98060050/issues. You can copy the article for free, or I could do this and send it to you, that might be easier, if you do not have it.

Helen L. Guild does sound familiar to me---was she in World War I? There may be other newspaper accounts that I have indexed that may mention her, if that is the case. It would take a little more time to go through my index.

Thomas St. John

On Sat, 12/23/17, wrote:

Do you have photos of other nurses that graduated from The school? I am looking for the group photo of the class of 1912, specifically for one nurse, Helen L. Guild.




Západočeská univerzita v Plzni - PDF - DocPlayer.net
docplayer.net/57271046-Zapadoceska-univerzita-v-plzni.html‎ Cached According to others Jaffrey Pyncheon was created as a reflection of Judge Royall Tyler or Rev. Charles Upham. Thomas St. John says that the character seems to be a blend of all three of them. He further claims in his Studies in The House of the Seven Gables that in 1838 Hawthorne wrote into his notebook about a plan to

History in the Novels of Nathaniel Hawthorne - Michaela . . . Theses
https://theses.cz/id/pqtiio/?lang=en‎ Cached University of West Bohemia. Faculty of

Abstract: This thesis deals with several literary works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, the American writer. Its aim is to find connections with the early American history and Hawthorne's biography in the novels The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables and selected short stories.













Dear Thomas,

I was able to download the new image, and I think it has high enough resolution to use for the exhibit panel! Thank you so very much. It is not necessary for you to leave the photograph on your website any longer if you do not wish to do so. I've already downloaded it and saved it, so you can remove it if you wish. We always have a credit line for every image we use on an exhibit panel. How does this sound for the image: "Courtesy of the private collection of Thomas St. John." I would also be happy to send you proofs of the exhibit panel and images of it when it is installed at the Hiwassee River Heritage Center in Charleston, TN.

There was a professor in Georgia by the name of Dr. Sarah H. Hill who transcribed the diary of Lt. John W. Phelps. This transcription was published in the Journal of Cherokee Studies, Volume XXI. Phelps assisted with the Cherokee removal, and his unit was encamped at Fort Butler in North Carolina. His writings indicate that he showed increasing sympathy for the Cherokees. During removal, he spent a brief amount of time at the Agency (present-day Charleston, TN). This was the location of the Cherokee Indian Agency prior to removal and also the location of Fort Cass, the headquarters for General Winfield Scott and the entire removal operations and the major emigrating depot used for Cherokee removal. Most Cherokees ended up in interment camps within the Fort Cass area. Phelps wrote about his brief time at the Agency, and his account remains one of the very few primary source descriptions of the area at the time. He mentioned crossing the Hiwassee River on a "flying bridge," trying to acquire lodging at Principal Chief John Ross's brother's house in present-day Charleston, and some general observations of what the area was like. He had some rather colorful descriptions of the area that I have always found quite funny:

He called the Agency area "a small collection of dirty huts over the door of the dirtiest of which, with the exception of the Inns, was Grocery..."

"After endeavoring to get lodgings at Ross' the Merchant, brother of John Ross, and at Widow Warner's a Cherokee woman, both being full, I was obliged to go to Charter's, a dirty hole, with dirtier beds and dirtiest bed fellows."

Needless to say, I don't think he enjoyed his stay in the area. The quote that I plan to use on one of the exhibit panels is this: "The [Agency] was thronged with Indians, contractors, teamsters and those persons who were attracted by prospects of gain." I think it's a pretty powerful quote, where you get a sense of people there trying to take advantage of the Cherokee during this already difficult time.

The Hiwassee River Heritage Center was opened in 2013. It is located in the heart of Charleston where the Agency and Fort Cass was located. It interprets the area's Cherokee and Cherokee removal history, the impact of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Civil War history, and the transportation history of the area. It is a certified site on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. The Heritage Center has recently received grants and raised funds totaling over $250,000 to expand and remodel the Heritage Center and also build a larger parking lot and a walking trail from the parking lot to the Heritage Center. Along this walkway, there will be 14 exhibit panels. Each panel with feature a primary source quote about the Cherokee removal in the area. Cherokees, soldiers, medics, and others will be highlighted in order to offer broad perspectives of the removal. One of these panels will feature Phelps and the last quote I mentioned.

Please let me know if you have any questions or concerns. I sincerely appreciate you getting a higher resolution of the Phelps photo to me.



Amy M. Kostine | Trail of Tears Project Coordinator & Historian
Center for Historic Preservation | Middle Tennessee State University
MTSU Box 80 | Murfreesboro, TN 37132
amy.kostine@mtsu.edu | www.mtsuhistpres.org
[please note that I now work from my home office in Birmingham, AL]


From: Thomas St. John
Sent: Wednesday, January 10, 2018 4:28 PM
To: Amy M. Kostine
Subject: Re: John Wolcott Phelps Cabinet Card


The new photograph is now posted at the very end of the John Wolcott Phelps page. It is 1933 x 2320 pixels and 820.3 KB in my website assets, but I set it at 387 x 464 for the page. If you right click and copy, will you be able to use it for your publication? Is it necessary to leave the photograph at the full size on my page in order for you to pick it up? I cropped it and brightened it once, since it was dark in my kitchen, but did not resize or sharpen.


On Wed, 1/10/18, Amy M. Kostine wrote:

Subject: Re: John Wolcott Phelps Cabinet Card
To: "Thomas St. John"
Date: Wednesday, January 10, 2018, 11:08 AM

Dear Thomas,

Thanks for your quick response and offer to
help! It is greatly appreciated. It's possible if you
took another image without resizing or sharpening it, then
that might work. Do you happen to have a scanner? Scanning
the image would work, as well.



Amy M. Kostine | Trail of
Tears Project Coordinator & Historian
Center for Historic Preservation | Middle
Tennessee State University
MTSU Box 80 |
Murfreesboro, TN 37132
| www.mtsuhistpres.org
[please note that I
now work from my home office in Birmingham, AL]

Thomas St. John
Sent: Monday, January 8, 2018 3:25 PM
To: Amy M. Kostine
John Wolcott Phelps Cabinet Card

Hello Amy Kostine,

I do not have a higher resolution photograph of
this cabinet card now, but I do own the original card, and I
would be happy to send you a full resolution. The photograph
on my website I took myself with a $99 camera that is about
eleven years old now. Could you advise me on the best way to
get the new photograph to send to you, along with full
permission for whatever use that you wish? I am a very low
tech person, and not especially computer literate, either.
Do you think that if I took another photograph with the old
camera, but did not resize or sharpen it at all, and just
emailed that to you, would that work?

Thomas St. John

On Mon, 1/8/18,


My name is Amy Kostine, and I
am the Trail of Tears Project Coordinator/Historian at the
Center for
Historic Preservation at Middle
Tennessee State University. I'm currently working on
some exhibit
panels for the Hiwassee River
Heritage Center in Charleston, TN. I plan on using a quote
from Lieutenant John Wolcott Phelps on one of the panels,
and I'm trying to find a portrait of him to be displayed
alongside the quote. I noticed on your website that you have
a cabinet card featuring Phelps. Do you have a higher
resolution copy of this image, and if so, would you allow us
permission to use it on the exhibit panel?

Thank you for your time,

Amy Kostine

March 6, 1862

Town Meeting in Brattleboro passed off quietly enough, the stormy weather and the shocking bad travelling rendering the attendance unusually limited. The greatest strife was for Town Clerk, Lafayette Clark, the past popular clerk, declining a re-election, he having held the office for 45 years. The office will now be kept in this village, instead of West Brattleboro as heretofore since the organization of the town.

March 6, 1891

Town Meeting - First Trial of the Australian Ballot System. It works well and is a success for everybody but the vote counters. With this change the old regime of noisy ballot peddling, vote soliciting, and crowding and jostling at the polls, is relegated to the "dim and misty" past, never to return it is to be hoped, for the new system is certainly a step forward in the march of progress.

March 6, 1896

The Hinsdale bridges, which were weakened by the recent flood, have been posted by the selectmen today. The notice reads "Walk your horses, or you will be fined," and the board evidently mean what they say.

March 8, 1872

"Orion" announces his intention of opening a hair dressing salon under the Revere House.

March 8, 1872

We were shown on Tuesday, at the Revere House, a magnificent bouquet of cut flowers sent from New York by Mrs. James Fisk to adorn the grave of her husband. The flowers were arranged in a shallow basket, about 18 by 24 inches, and consisted of the word "Husband" traced in English violets on a groundwork of white pinks, about which were arranged numerous specimens of smilax, with calla lilies, tea roses, etc. the whole boarded with the green azalea.

March 8, 1878

Patrick Leahy, an Irishman who was well known about town, and who earned a living for himself and his family by doing odd jobs with his horse and cart, was taken home last Friday night about 6 o'clock, in an intoxicated condition, and within two hours was dead. There is no truth to the rumor that signs of life were seen in the body on Sunday.

March 8, 1895

Prince Williams, believed to be at the head of the Romany gypsies in this country, died Wednesday. The "Prince" is well-remembered in Brattleboro as one of the gypsies who had a camping ground each year on the Brook road.

March 13, 1886

The Salvation army were attacked last Saturday evening while on their way to their encampment after their regular street parade by a crowd of young men and boys who threw a volley of eggs, ice, and snow at them. The army retreated in good order and suffered no serious damage.

March 13, 1886

The wrestling match at the rink last Tuesday evening between Frank Turner and Lewis Harris for a purse of $25 was won by the latter. Turner secured the first and Harris the remaining two falls. The contest was several times interrupted by the friends of the contestants, who showed their partisan spirit to an extent wholly uncalled for.

March 13, 1885

Armstrong, the plumber, met with a serious loss in Saturday night's fire, and was at first inclined to give up his business here, but he has since received so many assurances of confidence and support that he will remain.

March 14, 1890

Miss Cenia Bennett, living on Green street, entered her 100th year on Sunday last, her birthday.

[Ascenath Bennett, or Asenath, or Senia, the daughter of Lieutenant Stephen Bennett and Ruth Fellows of Dummerston Hill, died on September 3, 1892 at the age of 101, 5 months, and 25 days. Her epitaph reads "At Rest". Asenath lived at 35 Green Street, in the house which she had built in about 1847, when she moved to Brattleboro with her younger sister Almira.

Stephen Bennett owned a brickyard that was managed by Zebulon Goss on Lot 134, on the town line in southwest Dummerston, along road 68, south from Capt. James Chase.

The Vermont Phoenix editions for March 6, 1891 and March 13, 1891 especially describe this cheerful, intelligent woman.]

March 17, 1860

Some graceless young scamps thought they were doing a smart thing in stealing the maple sap of a "poor, lone widow" on Elliot street, last week; but their triumph was of short duration. Their depredations had been discovered by the widow, and the epidemic-like prevalence of concurrent emesis and catharsis on that street, all the next day, told how faithfully the tartar emetic did its work.

March 17, 1876

A petition is now in circulation, and is receiving numerous signatures, which asks that Kellogg hill on High street be reduced to a grade of 4 degrees and Charlier hill to a grade of 3 1/2 degrees. The petition also proposes to straighten Green street and bring it to a grade of 3 1/2 or 4 degrees between Jacob Marsh's house and Elliot street.

March 20, 1891

The early return of a copy of the "Confession of Michael Martin, or Captain Lightfoot," loaned from this office, is requested.





Corporal Roger Hovey

Roger Hovey of Worcester, Vermont, in Company A of the Vermont
Eighth Regiment, was wounded in the left shoulder by a
minié ball early in the battle of Winchester, Virginia, on September 19,
1864. He was transported by baggage wagon to Harpers Ferry, a
fifteen-hour trip over poor roads, then transferred to Baltimore, and
sent on to Saterlee Hospital in West Philadelphia.

In a letter to his sister Martha, Hovey described his wound as "slight as no bones were broken and my arm is not stiff". It healed slowly, and in mid-October the army judged him fit to make the four-day trip to the General Hospital in Brattleboro. Hovey repeatedly requested a transfer to Sloan General Hospital, but remained in Brattleboro from October 21 until January 7, 1865.

A substantial number of the patients arrived in Vermont on their way to hospitals in their home states of New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts, and upstate New York. Facing an uncertain future, they may have taken the opportunity to visit their families before being officially transferred, discharged from the hospital, or sent back into combat.

Some, healthy enough to be mobile but restless, lonely, close to home, and denied furloughs by nervous army doctors who feared the very behavior they provoked, left the hospitals without leave or passes, then returned. Some, it appears, deserted and reenlisted to obtain a second bounty payment from the government or from a town eager to fill its quota.

And some doubtless did desert. These men had suffered through some of the fiercest fighting of the war. The prospect of recovering only to be thrust back into battle constituted a severe test of patriotism and nerve. Moreover, life in the hospital was neither luxurious nor always restful
and conducive to recovery.

Hovey wrote of loneliness and boredom, constantly beseeching his sister for letters. In Brattleboro, he complained of Dr. Phelps's refusal to grant furloughs, writing to Martha, "I believe it is more than meat and drink to that man to torment, aggravate, and abuse the soldiers under his charge."

In December 1864, Hovey wrote that several men had complained by letter to Governor Smith, who sent Lieutenant Governor Paul Dillingham to inspect the hospital. "Since then we have lived much better," he noted, but added that Dr. Phelps took his revenge by denying requests for transfers to Sloan General Hospital in Montpelier.

Frustrated in his efforts to obtain a transfer to Sloan, Hovey
eventually wrote to President Lincoln for a transfer for himself and a
comrade. Surprisingly, Lincoln replied with an order to Phelps either to
discharge the two soldiers or transfer them.

A furious Phelps confronted Hovey, threatened to send him back into active duty, but finally agreed to transfer him to Sloan. Phelps failed to take action before the army transferred him from Brattleboro, but Hovey eventually obtained his transfer to Sloan, where he could be close to his family and sweetheart.

Pvt. Norman William Johnson

of East Montpelier enlisted in the Second Vermont Regiment, Company F, and kept a diary of his recovery from wounds to the right side and wrist received at Spotsylvania on May 12, 1864. Struck down in the morning, he arrived at the field hospital by 4:00 p.m.

The next day he was moved to Lincoln Hospital in Washington, D.C. On May 29 he wrote, "the Vermont State Agent came through to transfer us to Burlington." Johnson left Washington by train on June 2, arrived in Philadelphia at daybreak, June 3, in time for breakfast, and reached New York City at 9:00 p.m. At midnight the train pulled out, headed for New Haven, Connecticut, where it arrived at 7:00 a.m. on June 4.

Three hours later Johnson boarded another train headed north, arrived at Brattleboro at 10:00 a.m., June 5, and was admitted to the general hospital. He recorded on June 8: "Had a comfortable night. Very cold. Seventy new cases came in last night."

On June 12 he recorded having his wounds burned with caustic to prevent gangrene. "There is a caravan and exhibits near here. I did not go up." A week later Johnson's wife visited him and he obtained an overnight pass. His wife stayed in Brattleboro through June 20 and he received day and evening passes into town to be with her.

On July 2 Johnson got a furlough to return to East Montpelier for forty eight days. Back in the Brattleboro hospital on August 18 he wrote that breakfast consisted of beans, bread, applesauce, and hash. On August 22, Johnson noted the arrival of 114 new patients. Later that week, the process began for transferring him to Sloan General Hospital, where he arrived on September 10.

Research by Samantha Viderama







George Orwell stated that the chief problem with socialism was socialists---

The fact is that Socialism, in the form in which it is now presented, appeals chiefly to unsatisfactory or even inhuman types. On the one hand you have the warm-hearted un-thinking Socialist, the typical working-class Socialist, who only wants to abolish poverty and does not always grasp what this implies.

On the other hand, you have the intellectual, book-trained Socialist, who understands that it is necessary to throw our present civilization down the sink and is quite willing to do so. And this type is drawn, to begin with, entirely from the middle class, and from a rootless town-bred section of the middle class at that.

Still more unfortunately, it includes---so much so that to an outsider it even appears to be composed of---the kind of people I have been discussing; the foaming denouncers of the bourgeoisie, and the more-water-in-your-beer reformers of whom Shaw is the prototype, and the astute young social-literary climbers who are Communists now, as they will be Fascists five years hence, because it is all the go, and that dreary tribe of high-minded women and sandal-wearers and bearded fruit-juice drinkers who come nocking towards the smell of 'progress' like bluebottles to a dead cat.







Bill Grieder
5 days ago
Bill + Kathy Grieder

Nancy Tucker Whit
March 26
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Marie Crimmins
March 23
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

March 20
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Sandra Herrmann
March 18
Intelligent, kind, and one of the funniest persons I have ever had the honor to work with. Rest In Peace dear friend.

Mary R Joyce
March 17
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Mary R Joyce
March 17
Bruce was a treasure. A kind and sweet man. I loved his sweaters. I will miss you Bruce . It was my pleasure to know you. Thank you for bringing a smile to the dining room every day. Mary Joyce

Paul Downs
5 hours ago
Sorry to hear this news. Condolences to the family. Paul Downs and family
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Sheila Sneyd
a day ago
No words could describe how wonderful Mr Hainsworth was and how very special he was. I had the privilege to work with him on the School Council at the high school. Such a gentle man and always so kind and so witty. As a women entered the room, Mr. Hainsworth would stand from his chair and nod his head to greet them. He was not only brilliant but had such a wonderful detailed memory of facts. He was such a pleasure to be around. I will always remember him fondly and will always be grateful that I was lucky enough to have met him and call him my friend. May you Rest In Peace Bruce.
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

a day ago
The world is a sadder and lesser place with Bruce not in it. Truly a gentleman (too rare) and a gentle man (rarer still). To be in the presence of his sly grin as you (too) slowly appreciated the enormity of the pun or wordplay that he had just, with the straightest of faces, unloaded upon you, was just as entertaining as the humor itself. And, of course, as a member in good (the Best) standing of the Fellowship of the Bowtie, he was an inspiration to us all. Sincere condolences to Pat (one of my favorite actresses) and family.....how lucky to have had him so long! -Paul Campbell-
Theatre was posted for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Vicki McKenney (Elliott)
a day ago
I am so sorry to read of Bruce's passing. It was such a privilege to get to know him during our tenure together at the Village in Mansfield. Bruce always had a smile on his face even first thing in the morning. He was a gentle kind soul and I have missed him since I left. I loved how his granddaughter always had wonderful outfits on and held his hand when visiting. Bruce will be missed for a long time. Thank you for giving me the opportunity to care for him.

Ruth Cherecwich
2 days ago
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Ruth Cherecwich
2 days ago
I have many fond memories of Bruce as he was my boss at one point at the Foxboro Company. Plus, I still use special recipes from the Fannie Farmer cookbook that he and Pat gave me at the time of my first marriage. Rest In Peace, Bruce. You were a great boss. Ruth (Schmitz) Cherecwich

John Fuller
2 days ago
We'll miss you neighbor - it was a great run. John & Janet Fuller

Marianne Phinney
2 days ago
Bruce was a stalwart at the Footlighters and always had a smile for all. He will be missed. Love to Pat and their family. Marianne Phinney
Theatre was posted for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Jim Haskell
2 days ago
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Maureen Delaney
2 days ago
I was so sorry to learn of Mr Hainsworth's passing. Any interaction I had with either Mr or Mrs Hainsworth always left me smiling, laughing and with a lighter heart. Their zest for life was matched only by their love of family and community. My prayers to the family at this difficult time.
Forget Me Nots was posted for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Marilyn Lucas
2 days ago
Pat and family,we are so sorry to hear of Bruce passing.He was a very gentle man.The times I took Pat over to visit with him he would talk about so many different subjects. Rest In Peace.
Hands In Prayer was posted for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

Lori Dyer
2 days ago
Between Bruce's dry sense of humor and my gulability, I believed many a tale of Bruce's as fact. My husband, Kent, and I loved him so much. He was such a kind and caring man. I think he said at 80 he was fast approaching middle age. A Senior Saint at Bethany Church, may he Rest In Peace. Our thoughts and prayers are with his family. Regards. Lori and Kent Dyer

The Roberts Family
3 days ago
A candle was lit for Bruce D. Hainsworth.

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