Brattleboro History

Main Street From Bank Roof Looking North, Water Wagon, Brown Centre Congregational Church, Rooftops.jpg

Water Tank Cart Laying The Dust On A Summer Day

Original Granite Block With Photographer's Skylight, No Fascade

Thomas St. John

Links To Main Articles

Civil War Camp, Brattleboro, 1861, 1st Vermont Volunteers, Photographer George Harper Houghton.jpg

First Vermont Volunteers Camp At Brattleboro 1861

George Harper Houghton, Photographer, In Detail

Civil War Hospital presents extensive photographs and details Brattleboro life during the War of the Rebellion. Here are the barracks, the first winter's mutiny, the quinine in the soup, patient lists, the womens' soldier relief, and the military exhibition at the Town Hall.


Civil War Hospital

Officer Of The Guards Quarters, Chapel, Assistant Surgeons' Quarters

Corner Atwood And Sunny Acres, High School Grounds

Also the accidents, the pest house, the backgammon board, the medicinal cherry rum brandy recipe, the postal service, the chapel, the library, the sword presentation to the surgeons, drawings, maps, soldiers' and officers' records and speeches, the Invalid Corps on the Common on the long wooden benches, and the great achievements on "Hospital Hill".


Seth Smith's House, From The West

Seth Smith's House describes the familiar landmark on Western Avenue, now possibly threatened---and the Smith grist mill, and the first road and bridge across the Whetstone Brook there. Seth Smith was a Minute Man during the Revolution and a Yorkist afterwards. Ethan Allen came this way.

Seth Smith's niece was Chloe Smith, Mrs. Rutherford Hayes, the grandmother of President Rutherford Birchard Hayes. Seth Smith's grandson was Jedediah Smith, the famed mountain man and explorer in the West, who was killed by Comanche lances on May 27, 1831.

William St. John, Fort Dummer Site Map With Later Dwellings.jpg

Map of Fort Dummer Site By William St. John

Showing Farms, Brooks, Roads, Walls, Fences

Land Records Citations

The Fort Dummer Site is a wonderful introduction to how the Fort Dummer area has looked and changed over the years.

Fort Dummer Site, Colonel John Hunt Farm, Cotton Mill Hill, Simon Brooks Farm.jpg

Colonel John Hunt Farm, Cotton Mill Hill, Simon Brooks Farm

View From New Hampshire Across Connecticut River


Levi Goodenough Farm

The Levi Goodenough Farm is an architectural treasure on the Goodenough Road in West Brattleboro, built in 1783, and never wired for electricity. Rev. Hosea Ballou, 2d preached sermons in its large attic for the early Brattleboro Universalists. The writer H. P. Lovecraft visited Arthur H. Goodenough there during 1927-1928 and his house was the setting for the classic horror tale "The Whisperer in Darkness".


Engd by Thos. Chubbuck, Bratto

The Brattleboro Stamp describes Dr. Frederick N. Palmer---music teacher, dentist, bookseller, and Brattleboro postmaster, who invented the famous 1846 provisional stamp, and finally, a life-long homeopathic physician.

The scores for five waltzes and one rollicking polka that Frederick N. Palmer composed in Brattleboro, and published in Boston in 1844 are presented here as originally published, and soon orchestrations for piano, organ, and five-piece band will be available, complete with scores and notes, from Lin Barrell of Illinois---

Frederick N. Palmer, Polka #6, Piano Score, Lin Barrell.jpg

Polka #6 Score For Piano

Courtesy Of Lin Barrell

William A. Conant Violins concerns the violin maker, master craftsman who lived on Canal Street for so long at his labor, who was taught first by cabinetmaker Anthony Van Doorn, then by John Woodbury, and finally praised by the great Remini, concert violinist. Learn more about William Conant violins and cellos.


Woodbury Cello

John Woodbury Violins describes the craftsman of the bass, double bass viols, and violins in Brattleboro, who instructed the young William A. Conant.

Richard Wagner's Estey Organ has rarely seen engraving insets showing the Estey Organ Company in the centennial year 1876, when Estey shipped a custom-made organ to the Bayreuth composer for his Ring of the Nibelungen cycle.

Woman In Black At James Fisk Monument.jpg

Woman In Black At Monument To James Fisk, Jr.

Brattleboro Epitaphs is a collection of over two hundred epitaphs, with their inscriptions, and photographs from the Prospect Hill Cemetery, Locust Ridge, Meetinghouse Hill Cemetery, Glen Street (Old Village), and the Mather Street cemeteries.

Our stonecutters are Ebenezer Soule, Sr. and his son Ivory Soule from Hinsdale, New Hampshire, Henry Ide and George H. Ide, John and Henry Locke, Ebenezer Janes, Stephen Risley, Jr., and Nathaniel Kittredge.

All the inscriptions here are recorded accurately for the first time---the spellings, the precise lining, the chiselling errors, and the superscripts, as, Feby, Esqr, Daur, and ye & the inevitable yt---

In Memory of Mrs
Susanna Butterfield the wife
of Benjamin Butterfield Esqr
She Departed this life Novemr
Ye 29 1776 in the 48th
Year of her Age --
She was born in Sept ye 22d 1729


Winifred Hadley was a well-liked young seamstress who died at age seventeen, of typhoid fever, while attending school in Boston. The Brattleboro monument depicts her sitting pensively over her piecework.

Stephen Risley's Tombstones concerns the stonecutter who came from East Hartford, Connecticut in 1806 with his wife Polly, to conduct an engraving shop on the Turnpike (Western Avenue) at the corner by the North and South Mill-Road (Meadowbrook Road).

The Lost Cemetery On High Street is the account of the 1891 discovery of the abandoned burying ground for the Church and Whipple families.

The Brattleboro Retreat Cemetery gives the story of Sarah Culy, who died in 1854 after composing an epitaph based upon the Book of Job for chiselling into her rare soapstone gravestone, which has now been destroyed. The gravestone is here for Pvt. Henry C. Dawson, 10th Vermont Infantry, who died in 1906.


The Old Brick Row And The American House In 1907

William Fessenden's Brattleboro Bookstore And Circulating Library follows the large two-and-a-half story brick building from its erection in 1810 on Main Street just north of the former Stephen Greenleaf homestead site and the American House, through its years as the "Brick Row" with its prominent merchant tenants, to its last days as the "Salisbury Block" and its destruction in April 1924. Thomas Chubbuck's March 1848 engraving of the Brick Row is here.

Mammoth Tusk took three weeks of research to prove the location of the discovery in September 1865 on what is now called Solar Hill or Harris Hill. The "smoking gun" was a reference in the land records to "Blake's pasture", and the presence of white quartz intrusions in the blue limestone on the site north of Western Avenue.


Gen. John Wolcott Phelps

Jason W. Prouty Cabinet Card

Gen. John Wolcott Phelps can make any historian ponder "the strange mutability of human affairs". An immensely likable, and equally influential man, John W. Phelps lived in a Greek Revival house, one door north from the High School, which he called "The Lindens".

John Phelps sold "The Lindens" on July 13, 1882 to School District No. 2, and it then served as the Intermediate school for eighty or ninety students until it was removed, beginning in May 1884---lock, stock, and barrel---to where it stands today on the south side of Grove Street. Henry Burnham purchased the main parts of the old high school and set them down for a tenement, along the north side of Grove Street.

Rev. Jedediah Stark, the long-time serving pastor for the First Congregational Church in West Brattleboro, spoke with his congregation throughout the 1820's. His entirely forgotten history of the early settlement of Brattleboro begins in 1768 with the description of an Indian dance ring, poles, and fireplaces at a location near Cedar Street.

Wantastiquet In Winter.jpg

Wantastiquet History And Mine Mountain shows many new sides to that old rocky eminence across the Connecticut River. The furious mash-fed boar that escaped from the Thomas farm out the Putney road that gave the name to the mountain's cascading Hog Brook. The description of Wantastiquet in the summer of 1827 by Temperance Tidy, the seventh daughter of an early settler.

Rattlesnakes On Wantastiquet presents the reptiles and their rocks and rattles and oil for medicinal application, and Charles C. Frost's discourse on Chesterfield Mountain.


Brattleboro Reporter February 25. 1803

The John Thomas Farm lay along the Putney Road south from Black Mountain Road. Good English malt brewed here two hundred years ago.

The Rutherford Hayes Tavern, is in West Brattleboro at the old road to Marlboro, with mine hostess Chloe Smith Hayes and Polly her daughter.


West River Road

Photograph 1911 By Porter C. Thayer

Used By Permission From Porter Thayer Collection - University Of Vermont

East Village Society Law Suit is a letter written by a legal authority for the March 29, 1834 Independent Inquirer newspaper, detailing the four Vermont Supreme Court precedents which were brought against the Church on the Common---removing completely and forever all church claim to the Brattleboro Common.


Dentist Sign, Irritated Horse

Reminiscences is Henry Burnham's series of twelver articles published in the Vermont Phoenix starting in March 1866. These articles are half way between Burnham's first lecture in February 1858 for the benefit of the Episcopal Church fund, and his final lively book, "Brattleboro, Windham County, Vermont. Early History, with Biographical Sketches of some of its Citizens" (Brattleboro: Published By D. Leonard, 1880).

Island Toll House After Connecticut River Bridge Washout In 1869.jpg

After The Connecticut River Flood In 1869

John L. Putnam's Toll House

The Abigail White Whipping concerns the most famous incident in Newfane, Vermont history. From the Newfane Hill gaol, she was taken to the whipping post in August 1808. Less known is the fact that sympathetic local women, including the Windham County Sheriff's wife, helped to literally "save her skin", despite Abigail's passing counterfeit money for the Stephen Trask gang out of Keene, New Hampshire.

The Rev. William Wells Farm is described in detail by a traveller passing by in 1796. The house was built by Colonel Samuel Wells in 1773. It later served as a summer lodging for the Brattleboro Retreat's women patients.

Connecticut River Bridge 1804 gathers the scattered sources that describe the first bridge from Brattleboro across to Hinsdale, and its disastrous dedication ceremony, and its speechifying local magnates.


Service For Abraham Lincoln is the complete text for the highly-charged, lyrical service given at the Centre Congregational Church by Rev. George Palmer Tyler for the fallen President, along with articles that describe the cannon-fire, and how Brattleboro looked in mourning that April 1865.

Centre Congregational Church, 1880, Twelve Fifteen O'Clock.jpg

Centre Congregational Church


The Brooks Library 1905

Old Brooks Library - Brattleboro Free Library

The Old Brooks Library was designed by Alexander C. Currier, and stood on the west side of Main Street until it was torn down on June 4, 1971. In the American style, this local library was truly professional, truthful, and law-abiding---a place for genuine learning that securely housed Brattleboro's historical records, books, and treasures.

It is especially important to remember a time when the local library was truly professional, honest, decent, and law-abiding---a place for genuine learning that securely housed Brattleboro's historical records, books, and treasures.

The old Brooks Library did not serve any dishonest and hostile political agenda, complete with the "Five Year Plan", nor did it ever target for outsourcing, every major historic collection that it kept in trust for the Town of Brattleboro, or to split, fragment, disappear, or cannibalize the collections entrusted to it, or to give well-placed "gifts" for the benefit of very special friends and superior "citizens".

"This is a benefit; is this a bribe?"

The old Brooks Library did not collaborate with that predatory and uncontrolled group masquerading as a genuine local "historical society" acting like any backstreet "chop shop", or as a private auction house without ethics in pilfering documents and cases of nineteenth-century artifacts from the local Town Clerk's office, especially during 1993.

These cases contained West Brattleboro Society notices, the extensive Brattleboro Academy files, land records, an original handwritten charter, early town tax grand lists, company letterheads, bills, stamped envelopes, and the lengthy, red-wax sealed James Elliot - Aaron Burr correspondence from 1804.

The greatest advantage for the correct enforcers here in this particular swindle lies not in the fairly negligible damage done to Aaron Burr scholarship, and not even in the capturing of a fine trophy for collectors and "experts", but rather in destroying the chance for all students and researchers to find in this small attic corner of Brattleboro history, any worth, pride, or joy in discovery.

The old Brooks Library did not completely destroy the card catalogue system at its heart, with its irreplaceable history, along with the rich, documented provenance it contained for its valuable rare book collections. The original Brooks Library was honest, and consequently did not need to destroy any potential and inconvenient "paper trails" inherent in the catalogue system---which represented hundreds, even thousands of hours of labor by former, honest librarians.

The old Brooks Library did not hire staff that was willing to tear out lithographs and pages from rare, one hundred fifty year old Brattleboro booklets.

The old Brooks Library did not approve this group finessing access, with the collaboration of a "church historian" with long-standing and glaring conflicts of interest, to the local church funds, bequests, historic ledgers, portraits, colonial Bibles, the Mrs. Sarah Goodhue family Bible, and antique sets now in several private collections, or simply gone missing.

The old Brooks Library did not constantly commit acts of "vandalization through restoration"---such as the grotesque, barbaric destruction by scissors and razor blades, of thousands upon thousands of rare and irreplaceable antique newspapers upwards of one hundred and fifty years old.

Newspapers in perfect condition, or with only slight, superficial, and negligible acidification---an entirely natural process---were never consigned to the butcher's block under this or any other convenient false pretext, such as "aged", or "lack of space", or dismissed as useless "duplicates", with the resulting ugly slashed mess callously called "the scraps" and sent to total destruction.

When the original Friday, July 2, 1880 Windham County Reformer was slashed to pieces and dropped in the wastebasket, with the razor blade left lying out on the local history room table, the old Brooks Library would have summarily dismissed the perpetrator.

Sixty years ago, workers in Brattleboro history did not make sport with relics in impromptu and physically destructive games, such as shuffleboard in the Municipal Building hallway, or play wastepaper bucket basketball repeatedly with the 1840's antique taken from the Brattleboro museum.

The game "hang the wash" with antiques was not acceptable then in Brattleboro. Century-old newspapers bound into volumes were not turned into coloring books. The "musical chairs" game was not played anywhere with antiques in order to facilitate their silent disposal or sale.

Nor were historic things defaced and permanently damaged with excessive, unnecessary, inappropriate, and crude use of abrasive household cleansers, heat, paint, opaque tape, scissors, stickers, lead pencils, and large ink stamps, and careless folding. Scrawling large numbers on the autographed flyleaf of Jacob Estey's personal Bible was never a possibility.

Statuary was not smashed, then later sprayed with experimental, permanently yellow-staining chemicals. Interior and exterior architecture was not wantonly, needlessly drilled. Book bindings were not broken and antique patinas were not completely stripped away.

Unique eighteenth-century documents that were confiscated from the Town Clerk's office---including items broken from the complete set of grand lists, over two hundred years old and always in the possession of the Brattleboro town clerks---were not handled with heavy coffeecake grease-soaked fingers.

Misinformation was not provided concerning the colonial Seth Smith house on Western Avenue. No misleading photographs were published and promoted in the real estate brochure for West Brattleboro's historic Levi Goodenough farm. There was no completely unfounded fantasy about a non-existent "Underground Railroad" house on High Street.

The lack of moral red lights, the political failure to recognize the concept of private property, and the practicality of "Thou shalt not steal", in the greater Brattleboro history arena, has produced some strange violations of common sense, has subjected all to the debilitating effects of petty bookkeepers, and has rewarded the collectors who fail to appreciate the true worth of historic objects, beyond any simple value as political trophy, toy, or treasure trove.

The old Brooks Library did not exploit local churches, nor did it accept and inappropriately spend any funds derived from any bequest that specifically designated as the beneficiary, another library in a local church. This library did not allow the covert removal of twenty or thirty antique Bibles from its large collection.

The old Brooks Library understood that moral standards and objective truth exist. This helped librarians to work in an atmosphere of trust. All was open and completely accessible---the Loud Collection, its records, and especially its strictly accurate, stable, and published accession lists, and the minutes of all the Trustees' Meetings which concerned these things. All library trustees were well known in Brattleboro by their real names.

The old Brooks Library never enforced any arrogant, hidden, and hate-driven political agenda. There was no systematic political or religious censorship, shoddy "surveys", unwarranted encouragement of library patron informers, or repulsive gong-show style trivia contests in mockery of genuine learning effort. There was no jeering, anti-Christian pornography.

The old Brooks Library did not allow "mentors" to borrow entire collections for unspecified periods of time, running into years, until caught and forced to return what remained. There were no brutally ignorant and ugly, desecrating attacks made on local history, honesty, and Christian sensibility and traditions by the self-appointed culture masters. The old Brooks Library did not set foxes to guard the chickens, let alone the entire henhouse.

The Historical Society of Windham County's museum at Newfane will hopefully defend itself more skillfully than Brattleboro has so far, when this predatory group begins to range more widely for forage in the coming year 2015.

Hopefully Newfane will be spared from being slowly hollowed out from inside by the re-accessioning, ransacking, and relentlessly hostile looting game played by the unscrupulous who have decreed local history to be not politically correct, not sustainable, and ready for liquidation from the Brattleboro show village.

The sacking of the old Brooks Library building, and the subsequent praying mantis-like steady feeding on its collections, are now accomplished, and only the triumphant third act remains. Brattleboro still needs to protect its own local history. Will it finally recognize the destructive excesses made by these cultural Marxist prodigies? Will Brattleboro always wring its hands and say?

Let the black flower blossom as it may.

It is important to remember, or only just to imagine, the old Brooks Library that truly respected Brattleboro history and its traditions---to remember, in the hopes that in the future such a library may one day be established again, called possibly, as formerly, the "Brattleboro Free Library", worthy of its name, and our trust.

Charles H. Eddy, Grocer, Afri Kolao Advertisement, June 1906.jpg

Charles H. Eddy, Grocery, Flat Street, June 1906 Advertisement


Vermont Record And Farmer, May 27, 1870.

"There are few men on the street who will not miss his ready hands and ready wit."

Vermont Phoenix, June 22, 1877.

Brattleboro Black History

Orion Clark was the popular long-time barber in Elliot Street, and also an entrepreneur.

Black History In Brattleboro is Anne Dempsey's "Special to the Reformer" series in six parts during February 1994. Here are the forgotten black residents---the first black landowner, fugitive slaves, barbers, the women, the soldiers. There is an array of enjoyable research here.

James Frost Mansion, Frost Meadows, Shoemaker Shop, Flat Street.jpg

Frost Mansion On Flat Street

Charles C. Frost's Shoemaker's Shop And Slave Safe House

Fugitive Slaves On Flat Street concerns the only reliably documented station on the Underground Railroad in Brattleboro. Charles C. Frost sheltered roughly forty fugitive slaves at his house and shoe shop on the south side of Flat Street, successfully concealing his activity even from friends for two decades.


Vermont Record And Farmer, October 14, 1868.

John G. Sugland worked in Brattleboro as a woodcutter along the railroad tracks after serving with the Massachusetts 54th Infantry (Colored) in the Civil War, helping Gen. William T. Sherman's march through South Carolina. Private Sugland's letter written on May 20, 1864 from Charleston, South Carolina to Addison Whithead in Vernon, Vermont is here.

Jacob Cartledge escaped on the Underground Railroad from cruelty in Georgia, then enlisted for three years as a private in the 43rd Pennsylvania Regiment. Jake came to Brattleboro in 1879, chopped wood, and worked for the Barrows Coal Company.

Andrew Johnson Reed met Col. John S. Tyler and Assistant Surgeon George F. Gale of Brattleboro in Virginia.

Alexander And Sally Turner established his Journey's End homestead after escaping from the Virginia plantation of John Gouldin, serving in the First New Jersey Cavalry as assistant cook and hospital orderly, and raising his great family in Grafton.

Elliot Street Chapel Riot 1837 concerns the disruptions at the Church on the Common chapel which was built three years before, and now stands on Spring Street.


Vermont Phoenix, May 28, 1869.


Images Of Brattleboro

Picture Gallery 1

Picture Gallery 2

Picture Gallery 3


Additional Brattleboro Links---

John Woodbury Violins

Jason Bushnell's Museum

Mammoth Tusk Discovered 1865

William A. Conant Violins

Centennial Antiques Show 1876

The First Ballot Box 1759

John Sargeant Family Bible 1752

Cardiff Giant In Revere House 1871

Town Hall Antique Show 1857

Joshua Davis Powder Horn 1776

Valley Fair Antiques Show 1890

Fairbank Moore Powder Horn 1777

Robert Pender's Indian Hatchet


Photograph By George Harper Houghton In Autumn 1866

Stephen Risley, Tombstones

Meeting House Hill Cemetery 1880


Elizabeth Amanda Miner And Dr. Charles L. Smith

Soldiers' Cemetery On Prospect Hill

Lost Cemetery On High Street Hill

John Noyes Mead 1850

John W. Phelps Visits Meeting House Hill

Winifred Hadley 1884

Dr. John Wilson Gravestone 1847

Moses Platts Drowns 1816

Prospect Hill Cemetery 1840

Prospect Hill Cemetery 1844

Sarah Culy In Asylum Cemetery 1854


C. Barnard's Map No. 5 For The United States Army Corps Of Engineers 1830

Service For Abraham Lincoln 1865

Church On The Common 1816

Thanksgiving Sermon 1844

First Meeting House 1768

First Catholic Church 1855

Church On The Common 1832

Rev. Thomas P. Tyler Christmas Sermon 1876

Dr. William Wells Drowning Sermon 1797

Rev. William Wells Farm 1796

Church Loses The Common

John Wolcott Phelps On Connecticut River Fog

Fort Dummer Letter 1745

Connecticut River Bridge 1804

Connecticut River Forts

Wantastiquet "Volcano", Mine Mountain

Old Covered Bridge 1903

Boat Club 1860

Connecticut River Flatboat 1814

Steamboat "Greenfield" Explosion 1840


John Douglas Woodward

Drawing For Boxwood Block Engraving 1873

Fred C. Leitsinger's Cornet Boys' Band

John Holbrook's Witch Stairs

July The Fourth Celebrations

Dr. Frederick N. Palmer's Brattleboro Stamp

Old Mother Honeywell

Major Henry Smith 1845

Elliot Street Arson Fire 1886

Masquerade Ball 1887

An Evening In Brattleboro 1874

Meteor Shower 1833

Meteor Over Connecticut River 1860

Irish Flag 1873

Brooks House Party 1896

Thomas Stores 1815

Printer's Devil 1834

Raphael Tapestry 1843

"Lindenhurst" In 1890

The Harp in the Wall 1851

Richard Wagner's Estey Organ

Stella Brazzi

H. M. S. Pinafore 1879


Amedeo DeAngelis Shoe Parlor 1915

Seth Smith's House

Rev. Jedediah L. Stark

Brattleboro East Village 1753--1795

Enoch Jacobs' Marlboro History 1879

Major John Arms 1762

Stephen Greenleaf's Village 1836

Stephen Greenleaf Senior's Lands

Thomas Brattle 1722

Samuel Wells Land Deed 1770

Town Meeting 1768

Town Meeting Halls

Early Times In Brattleboro

Daniel Whipple, Vermont Census 1771

Early Town Records 1768

Ebenezer Fisher Arrested 1769

Samuel Elliot On Newfane Hill

The Goodenough Farm

John Thomas Farm 1798

Rev. William Wells Farm 1796

Cold Spring

Albert Bennet, His Farm 1839

Clark Rice Farm 1848

Ginseng Hill 1902

Samuel Briggs 1798

Stephen Greenleaf's Toast 1821

Josiah Arms West River Farm 1804


North Main Street Area, May 1856

Central School, John Wolcott Phelps House, Ferdinand Tyler House

General John W. Phelps "The Lindens"

Samuel Wells House 1773

Seth Smith's House On Western Avenue

The Elliot Street Chapel

Granite Block, Main Street

Jason Bushnell's Museum

"Lindenhurst" In 1890

Dr. John Wilson's House In Newfane

Journey's End


The Old Brooks Library

Dr. Wesselhoeft in "Rappaccini's Daughter"

Judge Royall Tyler in The House of the Seven Gables

Una Hawthorne in Brown's Woods 1868

Henry Burnham "Reminicences" 1866

Helen Hunt Jackson's Sojourn 1865

Rudyard Kipling Memory 1894

Davis Brown "Newfane Hermit" 1872

Louisa Higginson's Railroad Song 1849

Henry David Thoreau's Panther 1856

Emily Dickinson Daguerreotype 1848

Indian-Hating In "The Wizard Of Oz"


January 1872 Advertisement

George Houghton's Main Street Photograph

Steen's Corner

The Lottery 1827

Granite Block 1840

East Village Common

Edward Crosby Block 1873

Brattleboro House Arson Fire 1869

Anthony Van Doorn House Fire 1848

Ryther's Arcade 1884

Billiard Saloon 1860

John W. Blake Mansion

Main Street 1854

Cannon On The Common 1899

Squabble Hollow 1850

View From Prospect Hill, Circa 1860, Wood Block Engraving.jpg

"History and Description of New England: Vermont"

Austin Jacobs Coolidge and John Brainard Mansfield

Boston: Austin J. Coolidge, 39 Court Street, Press of Geo. C. Rand, 1860.

Arms, Clark & Company 1809

Wesselhoeft Water Cure 1847

Dr. John Wilson's Remedy

Elliot Street Smallpox 1848

Dr. Daniel Gilbert 1846

Brattleboro Retreat X-Ray 1899

Dr. Arms D. Putnam

Dr. John Wilson 1835

Dr. John Wilson's House In Newfane


Dr. George Frederick Gale

The Valley Mill, Bridge Street

Charles L. Gunzinger, Artist

Orion Clark, Elliot Street Barber

William Stow, Hatter

Charles Thompson's Recollections

James Fisk Procession 1858

James H. Capen Telegraph 1851

Brattleboro In 1824

Jacob Estey's Lead Pipes 1835

Arch Street Water Wheel 1840

Village Business Directory 1833

Rufus Pratt Meat Market 1844

West Brattleboro 1870

Franklin H. Wheeler's Reminicences

Horse Railroad 1828

John Gore Steam Wagon 1837

John Burnham Brass Foundry

Seth Wells Cheney, John Cheney

Old Shoe Peg Factory

Caleb Lysander Howe

Harmony Lot

Jonas Putnam

Wood Block Engraving, Circa 1860, Prospect Hill.jpg

James Capen House At Left, Prospect Hill Cemetery, 1860 Engraving

Willard H. Alexander

Annie L. Grout

Anne Dempsey's Black History In Brattleboro

Abigail White Whipped 1808

Otis H. Cooley Daguerreotype 1847

Eliphaz "Old Blind" Johnson

Old Jimmie Barnes and Sukie

Old Jimmie Barnes' Tale 1834

Charles Kellogg Wood, Circus Horseman

Elizabeth Amanda Miner And Dr. Charles L. Smith

Flora M. Sargent 1895

Gertrude Lucy Miller 1907

Dummerston Courtship 1824

Myra Morgan 1903

Tribute To Thomas Judge

Frank Van Doorn

William Gould

Henry E. Brewster Diary 1851

Edward Gould


Hall's Long Building

Rattlesnakes On Wantastiquet

Asa Knight Store 1840

Peregrine Falcon 1858

Dover's Bear Story 1908

Hydrophobia 1847

Horses On Main Street 1891

Pike Fishing 1848

Early School Districts

Round Schoolhouse 1822

County Road Schoolhouse 1793

District No. 7 Schoolhouse

West Brattleboro Society

Alexander And Sally Turner

Buffalo Soldiers In Brattleboro 1912

Jacob Cartledge

Fugitive Slaves On Flat Street

Elliot Street Chapel Riot 1837

Andrew Johnson Reed

Samuel B. Wells Recollects Anti-Slavery 1889

John G. Sugland, 54th Massachusetts Infantry (Colored)

"Sinners In The Hands Of An Angry God"


Theodore H. Taylor's Drug-Hardware-Grocery Store

Hall's Long Building 1849

Formerly The Post Office

Rutherford Hayes Tavern 1796

Old Footpaths In The Village 1850

Jonathan Dunklee's County Road

Elm Street Covered Bridge 1873

Brattleboro House 1870

West Brattleboro Common 1785

Old Stagecoach Days

Ancient Highway Surveys

William Harris' Footpads 1817

West Dover, Vermont

Anthony Jones Hotel On Newfane Hill

Vermont House

General John Wolcott Phelps

Capt. Dennie W. Farr, 4th Vermont Regiment

John G. Sugland, 54th Massachusetts Infantry (Colored)

Civil War Hospital

Civil War Fiddle 1864

Green Mountain Boys 1775

Brattleboro Light Infantry

Samuel Moore Letter 1810

Samuel Elliot Opposes War 1813

Converting The Copperheads 1861

Daniel B. Stedman Civil War Letters

Camp Holbrook 1862

Private John Wheeler

Stephen Greenleaf's War Pension 1838

Gettysburg Battlefield Fence Rails

Peter S. Chase In The Wilderness

Capt. Robert B. Arms Letter Home July 5, 1863

Thomas St. John

Thomas St. John, April 21, 2005.jpg



Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne created two famous literary villains, both modelled upon two very prominent men resident in Brattleboro, Dr. Robert Wesselhoeft and more importantly, Judge Royall Tyler.

Links to

Nathaniel Hawthorne On Beacon Hill contains an account of the corrupt Judge Jaffrey Pyncheon, based upon Judge Royall Tyler, in "The House of the Seven Gables"---Hawthorne's literary reconciliation of crimes committed against his wife Sophia's family.

Dr. Robert Wesselhoeft became the evil figure in the tale "Rappaccini's Daughter" because Hawthorne considered him to be a villain, following an excessively invasive treatment of his wife Sophia. William Wesselhoeft, the hydropath's brother, was the Hawthorne family doctor.

Elizabeth Hunt Palmer, who lived and died here in Brattleboro with her daughter Mary Palmer Tyler, was the model for Nathaniel Hawthorne's character Hepzibah Pyncheon in The House of the Seven Gables.

Una Hawthorne in Brown's Woods recalls Una's visit here in May, 1868, when she was engaged to Storrow Higginson. Una's letter to Storrow is a botanical description of the Rev. Addison Brown's Woods, from Chase Street to the Chestnut Hill pond---following in the footsteps of Henry David Thoreau's walk here in 1856.

Hawthorne And Melville is another fine chapter from "Nathaniel Hawthorne: Studies in The House of the Seven Gables".


Dr. John Wilson

T. Covil Daguerreotype About 1842

Owned By Amasa Buckman

Kept Faced Toward A Wall

Dr. John Wilson, Captain Thunderbolt contains research about the reformed highwayman called Captain Thunderbolt, who had a L500 price on his head in Great Britain in the starvation year 1816.

Dr. Gardner C. Hill, George Norman Smith, Collections Display, Benjamin A. Crown Photograph.jpg

Folding Abscess Lancet, Foreign Body Eye Spud, Spectacles

Horn Shield Fleam, Tweezers-Ear Scoop, Reading Or Surgical Glass

Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God is the title of the famous execution and hellfire sermon by the Rev. Jonathan Edwards---his response to the particularly lurid, prolonged, and violent events against the slaves in colonial New York throughout the summer of 1741. Several prominent New York men who were active in "the New Yok Negro Riots" were also involved in the land development that became Brattleboro.



Nathan B. Williston's House

Drawn By Henry E. Brewster On Tuesday, April 30th, 1850

One Door North Of The Williston Stone Building

Main Street, East Side, Looking North-West

The Henry E. Brewster Diary was generously contributed to this website by Tom Hoffman. Henry Brewster was the adopted nephew of Caroline Brewster, Mrs. Nathan Birdseye Williston. The Diary describes Brattleboro during 1850-1851 from the view of an active and alert youngster.


Main Street 1865, Central Store, Hall's Long Building.jpg

Brattleboro Historians

Credit is required, by name, for the real historians of Brattleboro, for those who did the real work and research. This list is partial, and mindful for those not present---

James Henry Elliot
William Henry Wells
Henry Burnham
Dr. James Conland

Maj. Frederick W. Childs
Abby Estey Fuller
Henry M. Burt
Hon. Hoyt Henry Wheeler

Joseph Steen, Esq.
Stephen Greenleaf, Jr.
Hon. James Elliot
Charles Kellogg Field, Esq.

Gen. John Wolcott Phelps
Rev. Joseph Chandler
Rev. James Eastwood
Harry R. Lawrence

Charles C. Frost
Hon. James M. Tyler
Charles F. Thompson
Rev. Nathaniel Mighill

Col. William Austine
Gov. Levi K. Fuller
William H. Bigelow
Larkin G. Mead, Esq.

Grace Bailey Dunklee
Charles R. Crosby
Rev. Harry R. Miles
Mary Palmer Tyler

Rev. Charles O. Day
Franklin H. Wheeler
Dr. Joseph Draper
Starr Willard Cutting

Rev. Addison Brown
Gov. Frederick C. Holbrook
William E. Ryther
Hon. Kittredge Haskins

Daniel B. Stedman
Charles E. Crane
Rev. Lewis Grout
Hamilton B. Childs

Hon. Broughton Davis Harris
Charles N. Davenport
Timothy Vinton
Annie L. Grout

Rev. John C. Holbrook
Daniel Stewart Pratt
Rev. Hosea Beckley
Rev. Frank T. Pomeroy

Benjamin Hall
Rev. George Leon Walker
Thomas C. Mann
Samuel Storrow Higginson

Lafayette Clark


Alvan Fisher

Alvan Fisher, Painter.jpg


Alvan Fisher, "View Of Brattleboro" 1830

From Sketches During July-August 1829

Edward Sanborn's Class For Theorem Painting

Brattleboro Messenger, June 26, 1829 Advertisement

Edward Sanborn's School, Summer 1829, Theorem Painting Advertisement.jpg

Alvan Fisher was possibly teaching at Edward Sanborn's private school for two months. His skill with decorating carriages and finishing commercial signs would be welcome in any class for the traditional American folk art of stencil painting.


Thomas M. Easterly

Thomas M. Easterly, Circa 1845 Daguerreotype, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Brattleboro From Wantastiquet

Thomas Easterly, Daguerreotype Taken 1844-5

Thomas Martin Easterly was born in Guilford, Vermont to Tunis and Philomela Easterly on October 31, 1809. Easterly first taught calligraphy and penmanship, residing in Montpelier, Vermont from October 1835 through the following April, with customers such as E. P. Walton.

With an extensive practice by 1838, and teaching practical business handwriting chiefly at the blackboard in the High School Hall in Brattleboro, Easterly bought a house in November 1839 just north of the mill pond at lower Main Street, that he sold finally in September 1841 to the papermaker Nathan Woodcock.


Thomas Martin Easterly, Daguerreotype 1845, Vermont Asylum For The Insane

Thomas Easterly then learned the daguerreotype process in New York, possibly with Charles and Richard Meade, and spent 1844 in New Orleans in business. He returned to Brattleboro in 1845, taking his views from the summit of Wantastiquet, but by October he was established in Iowa, soon taking daguerreotypes of Plains Indians.

Thomas M. Easterly, May 25, 1842 Writing Classes Advertisement.jpg

In frontier St. Louis, Missouri, Easterly opened a daguerreotype studio on the corner of Fourth and Olive Streets, near where the St. Louis Arch stands today. His mastery of the daguerreotype is apparent even in his earliest known works.

Thomas M. Easterly, Daguerreotype June 18, 1847 Lightning Over St. Louis, Missouri.jpg

Daguerreotype of a Streak of Lightning

taken June 18th 1847 at 9 o'clock P. M. By T. M. Easterly

St. Louis, Mo.

Thomas M. Easterly, Daguerreotypist, Circa 1865.jpg

Thomas M. Easterly In 1865


Daguerreotypist John L. Lovell

John Lyman Lovell, Self Portrait Daguerreotype, 1855, Cutler's Block Studio, Brattleboro, Vermont.JPG

John Lyman Lovell

Self Portrait In Daguerreotype 1855

Silver-Plated Copper Base, 1/6 Plate Size

Taken At His Cutler's Block Studio On Main Street

Courtesy Of Gunter Mueller, VinimagePlus,

John L. Lovell, January 1856, Four Month Illness Ad.jpg

Vermont Phoenix, January 26, 1856 Advertisement

In May 1856 John L. Lovell took an ambrotype glassplate view of Brattleboro from a location about one-third of the way up Wantastiquet. This ambrotype was engraved by John H. Bufford, Lithography, 313 Washington Street, in Boston. John Batchelder of Boston published this lithograph for sale in August 1856.

Brattleboro, May 1856, Vernon Road, Reed's Hill, Canal Street.jpg

Reed's Hill, Vernon Road, Canal Street


Lithograph Taken From May 1856 Ambrotype By John L. Lovell

Centre Congregational Church, Unitarian Church, Central School

John Lovell's ambrotype here shows the Centre Congregational Church with its chapel built in 1854 and its horse sheds in back, with its steeple still placed within the church, ten years before the tempest that toppled it. Also seen is the Universalist Church, and the Central School.

The Asahel Clapp house, the Connecticut River boathouse, and the narrow track that became Grove Street, are all captured by the lens and the long glassplate exposure which ambrotype required in 1856.

Another detail shows the Central School, and north from it the residence of Daniel P. Kingsley, which was later owned by Phillip Wells, then by Gen. John W. Phelps. Ferdinand Tyler's house stands next north. Asher Spencer's house stands at the corner of Walnut Street, with poplar trees nearby---


John H. Bufford Lithograph, After John L. Lovell Ambrotype, May 1856 View Of Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg


John H. Bufford Lithograph - May 1856 - John L. Lovell Ambrotype

Bradley Farm, Asylum Cemetery Woods, North Main Street, Asa Keyes House

Years later this lithograph was described with all the changes that had taken place in over thirty years---

---Frost & Proctor's window has this week the focus of a good deal of interest. The reason was the appearance there of an old lithograph of Brattleboro, John Batchelder artist, and published by the Buffords in 1856. It shows a very small village as compared to the present. Esteyville was a pasture, Prospect Hill, "Spauldings Pine Woods" as it was called then, a forest, the Chapin district of couse was open, there was no Oak street, no Grove or Tyler, or Brook, or Forest or Frost streets, no Harris Place, not a house on Terrace street and only five houses in all that section between Walnut and North Main streets, no houses on High street or Western Avenue north of the Unitarian parsonage, nothing in all that section now occupied by Mechanics Square, only two on Birge street, nothing where the Estey shops, the Smith & Hunt and the Carpenter works now stand, nothing but four houses on Flat street, no Episcopal church, no gas house.

The village consisted of the Canal and Clark street, the Elliot, Green and High, and the Main and North Main street districts with little tendrils running out Chase and Walnut streets. One of the prominent landmarks in those days was the "bowling alley" kept by Josh Clark and set on stilts 25 or 30 feet high on the river bank, about back of the Congregational church, and reached by a stairway from Main street. In those days our moral sentiment couldn't tolerate such a resort and it had to get into New Hampshire jurisdiction.

Another interesting relic is a slave driver's whip, which a runaway negro presented to the late Chas C. Frost in the days before the war. Mr. Frost, who was an ardent abolitionist, kept a sort of station for the "underground railway," and the fugitive slaves, being lodged at Greenfield, would be forwarded to him, he would feed and lodge them and pay their way to the next friend north. It was a work that had to be conducted very secretly, and few citizens knew much about it even then; but large numbers of the unfortunates were befriended by him in this way.

Windham County Reformer, May 22, 1891.

Main Street, 1854, Daguerreotype By John L. Lovell.jpg

Main Street 1854

Daguerreotype By John L. Lovell

John Lyman Lovell instructed his student George Harper Houghton in the art of the daguerreotype for three years, beginning in 1852. George Houghton's well-known photograph of Main Street looking north was taken a decade later, with the camera placed in the upper-floor window of the large brick house of Anthony Van Doorn, seen at the left in Lovell's 1854 daguerreotype.

The large house at the right was built by Elihu Hotchkiss late in the eighteenth century. His nephew, Elihu Hotchkiss Thomas---Brattleboro's first daguerreotypist---may have sold his images by "the pencil of nature" here, beginning in March 1841, or at his brick shop six rods south from the Whetstone bridge---

Elihu Hotchkiss Thomas, March 25, 1841, First Dagruerreotypist In Brattleboro.jpg

John Lyman Lovell eventually sold his premises to Jeremiah D. Wells and Frederick N. Kneeland of Northampton, Massachusetts, praising their skill and gentlemanly manner.

Main Street, Brattleboro, John L. Lovell Daguerreotype 1853.jpg

John L. Lovell, 1853 Daguerreotype, Reed's Hill Area From Main Street.jpg

Reed's Hill Seen From Main Street

Main Street, 1853, John L. Lovell Daguerreotype, Signs Detail.jpg

John L. Lovell, February 9, 1855, Stereoscope Photographs.jpg


Caleb Lysander Howe

Caleb Lysander, Howe Cabinet Card.jpg

View West From Brattleboro Common, Lithograph After Photograph By Caleb L. Howe, Published 1861.jpg

View West From Brattleboro Common

Caleb L. Howe Photograph, Attributed To 1854

Lithograph By Fred Meyer & Co., N. Y. 1861

Lithograph 1861 After Caleb L. Howe Photograph In Detail, Vermont Asylum For The Insane, Gardens.jpg

Asylum Gardens

Mary A. Butterfield, Daughter To Franklin And Mary Holland, Civil War Era, C. L. Howe Photograph.jpg

Mary A. Butterfield

Married January 10, 1867 To Lucien A. Elmer

Mary Butterfield was the daughter of Franklin Butterfield and Mary Holland, who lived on a farm on Wickopee Hill in Dummerston. C. L. Howe's photograph shows the "woman of quiet, gentle nature".

Vermont Asylum For The Insane, After Caleb L. Howe Photograph.jpg

Caleb L. Howe & Sons Photograph, Circa 1880.jpg

Caleb L. Howe & Sons Photograph July 1879

Baptist Church With North Tower Only

St. Michael's Episcopal Church

Centre Congregational Church With New Chapel

Gravel Pit Above Railroad Tracks

Woman Walking South Along Meadow Lane, Later Oak Street

Old High School, Far Right, Wing On South Side


John C. Howe.jpg

John C. Howe


George Harper Houghton



George Harper Houghton, 1861 Civil War Camp In Brattleboro, First Vermont Volunteers.jpg

Civil War Camp At Brattleboro In 1861

First Vermont Volunteers

George Harper Houghton, In Detail, Photographer


George H. Houghton's Late 1866 Photograph

George Houghton's Main Street Photograph takes a well-known 1866 glassplate negative photograph which shows the view north from the Anthony Van Doorn house, and enlarges different areas within it to reveal its heretofore hidden, magnificent details---


August 26, 1864


Celebration For The Seventh Vermont Regiment

August 26, 1864

George Houghton's Photograph

The regiment arrived in Brattleboro at 11 o'clock A. M. on the 26th of Aug. It formed in line and marched through Main street to the field at the north end of the village, where it was reviewed. . .After the speech, the regiment was marched back to the Town Hall, where it was welcomed to a collation by the town of Brattleboro. . .

Vermont Phoenix, September 2, 1864.

This photograph shows the flags at the Town Hall, the Revere House, the Brattleboro House, the old Steen's Corner, and in the foreground, the hitching posts, rail and chain link fence bordering the St. Michael's Episcopal Church yard. Also seen here are men and boys in various activities, including a young player on the recorder, the harp, or the penny whistle.



Revere House, Brattleboro House, Steen's Corner

George Harper Houghton is remembered for his photographs taken during the Peninsular Campaign in Virginia, in the War Between the States, following the 2nd Vermont Regiment to Camp Griffin in November 1861, and to Wolf Run Shoals in April 1863.

In Brattleboro, Houghton photographed scores of veterans during June 1864 with the return of the 8th Vermont Regiment to Brattleboro, during August 1864 with the Seventh Vermont Regiment, in September 1864 with the Fourth Vermont Regiment, and for years before---


Picture Gallery


Meeting House Hill, Round Mountain

George E. Fox, Post Card, Bridge Street, After 1907, Before 1914.jpg

Plaza Square, Hotel Billings.jpg

Fort Dummer, Fieldstone Foundation, 1724, Northwest Corner, 1976 Excavation.jpg

Fort Dummer Site, Fieldstone Foundation, Northwest Corner

Walter Harrington Excavation At Low Water

The Higginson Cottage, Asylum Street, Later Linden Street.jpg

The Former Higginson Family Cottage On Asylum Street

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Una Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau Were Here

Vermont Asylum For The Insane, Stereoscope, J. G. Lawrence, Publishers, 1880-1890.jpg

Vermont Asylum For The Insane

Stereoscope, J. G. Lawrence, Northampton, Massachusetts

West River Road.jpg

West River Road - Sunrise On Black Mountain

Baseball Trade Card, Selleck & Davis, Job Printers.jpg

Engine Brattleboro, Vermont Valley Railroad, Brattleboro Depot 1869.jpg

Vermont Valley Rail Road

Engine "Brattleboro" In 1869

Suspension Bridge, High Water, 1909.jpg

Suspension Bridge At High Water In April 1909

Metropolitan News & Publishing Company, Birds Eye View Of Brattleboro.jpg

Main Street, A. B. Clapp & Company, Brooks House.jpg

From Henry M. Burt's 1874 Guide Through The Connecticut Valley To The White Mountains.jpg

First Baptist Church

From Henry M. Burt's 1874

Guide Through The Connecticut Valley To The White Mountains

Old Woolen Mill, Whetstone Brook, Old Civil War Pest House.jpg

Woolen Mill Built In 1847

Elliot, Union, Williams, Flat, Birge Streets

Former Civil War Pest House In Foreground Used As Bleachery

Connecticut River Bridge, May 1902.jpg

Connecticut River Bridge In May 1902

Large Pines In Prospect Hill Cemetery

Connecticut River Log Jam, 1908, Brattleboro, View From The Hinsdale Bridge.jpg

Loggers' Camp On The Island About 1907

Tents, Fire Smoke

View From The Bridge

Depot Street, 1921, Brattleboro Vermont.jpg

Depot Street On The Connecticut River 1921

Two Rowboats Moored At Railed Dock

New Steel Bridge, Round Gas House, Warehouse On Depot Street, Bridge Street, 1921.jpg

Depot Street, Benjamin A. Crown Photograph.jpg

Benjamin A. Crown Photograph

Depot Street About 1913

Granite Block, 1840, Woodblock Engraving, Main Street Brattleboro.jpg

Granite Block, Main Street 1840

Bridge Street, Depot Street.jpg

Road To Vernon, Sign 38, Bridge.jpg

Road To Vernon

Looking Down Bridge Street Toward Depot Street In 1869.jpg

Looking Down Bridge Street In 1869

Valley Mill Company, William Dutton's Obelisks, Estey Factory

Carriage Works On Lower Canal Street


Whetstone In Summer Seen From The Crib Dam

Charles C. Frost House

Covered Bridges, Island, Summer Day.jpg

Covered Bridges On The Island

Old Road To Guilford, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Old Road To Guilford

Flat Street, Circa 1909.jpg

Flat Street About 1909

Bert Poole, Esteyville, Circa 1883 In Detail.jpg

Albert "Bert" F. Poole, Lithographer

Esteyville, In Detail, Circa 1883-1884

Centre Congregational Church, Brattleboro, Main Street, Brown Steeple.jpg

Centre Congregational Church

Main Street 1905 From Town Hall Looking South.jpg

Town Hall 1905

Ornamental Quoins, Porte Cochere, Williston Block Windows

Dr. Arms D. Putnam, Dentist.jpg

Dr. Arms D. Putnam


Main Street, First Baptist Church, Francis Goodhue House.jpg

First Baptist Church, Francis Goodhue House

Main Street Summer Day Parade.jpg

Repairing Centreville Dam.png

Repairing The Centreville Dam 1869

Ozias L. Miner, Farmer.jpg

Ozias L. Miner

His Farm Is Now Living Memorial Park

Old High School Lawn, Circa 1900.jpg

Old High School About 1900

Clapp & Jones Company Post Card

Vernon Road, Broad Brook Covered Bridge, Near Brattleboro.jpg

Covered Bridge Near Broad Brook On The Vernon Road

Brattleboro Retreat Tower, After J. Fenton & Co. Post Card 1914.jpg

Elm Street Bridge.jpg

Elm Street Iron Bridge In 1911

Albert W. Rockwell, Herbert S. Sherwin

Rockwell & Sherwin's Carriage And Sleigh Manufactory

Bridge Opened On Saturday, May 26, 1888.

Captain William S. Brooks.jpg

Captain William S. Brooks

Oil On Canvas, About 1832, By Joseph Wheeler


Upper Forest Street

Photograph 1911 By Porter C. Thayer

Used By Permission From Porter Thayer Collection - University Of Vermont

Elm Trees On Western Avenue, Near Allerton Street, July 21, 1958.jpg

Western Avenue, Near Allerton

July 21, 1958


Wesselhoeft Water Cure


Frank Harris House, Larkin G. Mead House, Main Street East Side

Connecticut River And Suspension Bridge, Detroit Pulishing Company, Phostint.jpg


Main Street, Early 1865


Willis Bemis' Express Office In 1865

Formerly Jonathan Hunt's Law Office

Gardner C. Hall's House Built 1826, Dr. Charles Chapin's Residence

Willis Bemis's Express Office, Formerly Jonathan Hunt's Law Office.jpg

The Willis Bemis Express Office, Corner Main Street And High Street In 1865

Formerly The Law Office Of Jonathan Hunt

Willis Bemis Express Office, 1865, Corner Main Street, High Street.jpg


Church On The Common 1816 Dedication Service

Creamery Bridge, Limit 16,000 Pounds.jpg

Rutherford Hayes Tavern, Western Avenue, Bearded Man Seated On Bench, Horse And Buggy.jpg

Rutherford Hayes Tavern

West River Bridges.jpg

West River Bridges

Walk Your Horse


The Vermont Phoenix

When the proprietors and editors of the fledgling Vermont Phoenix newspaper moved into their Main Street offices in 1834, they named their enterprise after the building's former residents---the Phoenix Lottery.


The name of the Phoenix Lottery came from the notion that if you hit the lottery, then your splendid new life would rise from the ashes of your old life---just like the fabled phoenix rises anew every five hundred years from its own nested pyre, fretted with rue and cinnabar.


Vermont Phoenix, Thursday, April 16, 1846



First Railroad Station 1849

Thomas Chubbuck Engraving


Lithograph From D. A. Henry Photograph


Henry C. Nash's Livery Stable

Elliot Street

Former "Chapel On Elliot Street"



Centre Congregational Church, Williston Block 1907

Main Street, Near Elliot Street, View North.jpg

Main Street From Town Hall, Circa 1920.jpg

Main Street In 1923

View From South Main Street Hill To Connecticut River.jpg

South Main Street Hill

Steam Train Northbound


This Indenture.jpg

From The Old Brooks Library

Indenture Deed For Thomas Everett, John Drummond, Ralph Etwall

Dated June 11, 1792

In Original Frame

Thomas Everett, Signature June 11, 1792, This Indenture.jpg

John Drummond, Signature June 11, 1792, This Indenture.jpg

Old Brooks Library, This Indenture.jpg

This Indenture made the Eleventh day of June in the thirty second year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety two

Thomas Everett and John Drummond were Members of Parliament, Ludgershall, County of Wiltshire. Ralph Etwall was an attorney from Andover who held corporate posts of bailiff, town chamberlain, and town clerk.



Enrico Meneghelli, Italian Interior

From The Charles A. And Henrietta M. Loud Collection, Brooks Library

Bridge Over Connecticut To Chesterfield, N. H., 1937, Published By Baker's.jpg

Chesterfield Road Over Connecticut River In 1937



John Burnham's Brass Foundry

Caleb Lysander Howe Photograph


John Burnham made brass pumps for the new-fangled windmills, and fashioned coin silver spoons from Spanish-milled dollars---six dollars to the spoon. From a nugget discovered in Williamsville in Newfane, Burnham cast a gold ring.

The shadows on the front of the building show that the sun is almost directly overhead on a summer day. Had Caleb Howe capped the lens five minutes later, the shadow falling from the roof eave would have dropped, to reveal the words painted on the lower part of the board.



Hall's Long Building


Lower Main Street In 1907

Creamery Bridge, Summer Day, 1950's.jpg

Tichnor Brothers, Boston, Post Card



Whetstone In Winter

Charles C. Frost's House On Flat Street


Main Street At Ten Forty-Five

Groceries - Meats

Lewis R. Brown


Columbus Day Parade, Friday, October 21, 1892

Advance Of The School Division

Republican Club Banner For Benjamin Harrison And Whitelaw Reid


Isaac N. Thorn's Gilt Mortar And Pestle Pharmacy Log Pole Sign


Windham County Artifact

Thirty-two Inches In Height

Possibly From A Windham County Fair

Wantastiquet Carriage Road, Post Marked April 23, 1906.jpg

Carriage Road Down From The Summit

Post Card Photograph

Authorized By Act Of Congress Of May 19, 1898


Estey Organ Company, Birge Street

Charles R. Simonds, Public Coupe Business, 1894.jpg

Charles R. Simonds' Public Coupe In 1894

Possibly On The Brattleboro Common

Canal Lock.jpg

Canal Lock

Adin French Styles Stereoscope View In Detail From Prospect Street.jpg

Adin French Styles Stereoscopic View From Prospect Street


Elliot Street, Circa Summer 1864 To Summer 1869

Orion Clark's Barber Shop At Right

Main Street Horse Auction, Probably Chamberlain Stables.jpg

Horse Auction, After 1884

Isaac N. Thorn's Mortar And Pestle Drugs Sign At Corner


Brattleboro Free Library, 1905


Benjamin Crown's Main Street Photograph Series, Spring 1918

Frederick W. Kuech & Co., Ernest E. Perry & Co.

F. W. Woolworth & Co., Huntress-Adams & Co.

Milk Wagon


Wood Block Engraving, Circa 1860, Prospect Hill.jpg

James Capen House, Far Left, And Prospect Hill Cemetery

Detail From Wood Block Engraving, 1860


Summoned Windham County Draftees

Benjamin Crown Photograph, May 1918

Brattleboro Drug Co.

Drive Slowly To The Right


Benjamin Crown's May 1918 Photographs In Detail


Linden Lodge In 1909.jpg

Linden Lodge In 1909

New Connecticut River Bridge, Flour Mill.jpg

FourthVermontRegiment,Saturday,September24, 1864,BrattleboroHouse.jpg

Fourth Vermont Regiment Returns Saturday, September 24, 1864


Brigadier Surgeon Edward Elisha Phelps

Surgeon In Charge

Military Hospital At Brattleboro, Vermont


Civil War Monument On Original 1906 Location With Flag Enclosure

Horse Paddocks And Sheds In Background


Clock Face Inside Steeple, Centre Congregational Church


Sign Of The Watch And Spoon


Corner Main And High Streets

Baptist Church, Fountain, Stone and Wood Post Fence


Photograph By George Harper Houghton In Autumn 1866


Levi Austin Dowley's 1856 House On Asylum Street


Road Through Pines North From Cascade Brook


Canal Street

Carriage Shop, Unitarian Church


Main Street

George Harper Houghton, Photographer


Mary Howe, Brattleboro Pageant, 1912

After Singing "Home, Sweet Home"







The Old Grist Mill, Duck Pond, Brewster Massachusetts, Laura Burnham Hainsworth.jpg

The Old Grist Mill

Brewster, Massachusetts, Cape Cod

Photograph By Laura Burnham Hainsworth Of Pittsfield, Massachusetts

Barbara St. John, Bernardston Railroad Stone Arch Bridge, May 21, 2014.jpg

Bernardston, Massachusetts Stone Arch Bridge, Wednesday, May 21, 2014.jpg

William St. John, Genealogy Chart, Sunny Acres.jpg

William St. John With Family Genealogy Chart

Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, William St. John, Patent Filed November 23, 1954.png

William St. John, Westinghouse Electric Patent

Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, November 23, 1954

William St. John, Fine Wire Drawing Furnace, Patent Filed November 23, 1954.png








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